Abia State is state in southeastern Nigeria, with its Capital at Umuhia. The political history of this region dates back to the ancient kingdom of the Abiriba people. They were one of many Igbo-speaking clans that settled here in the 18th century AD.
Today, Abia has a population of over 2 million people and is an important commercial center for Nigeria.
The earliest settlers were probably from the Igbo ethnic group who migrated southward and established their kingdoms within Abiriba territory during the 17th and 18th centuries. These immigrants were mostly hunters, and they gradually cleared new land for cultivation as their population increased. According to oral tradition, they also brought with them certain aspects of Igboid culture.
The Ancient Kingdom of Abiriba
During the third century, the Igbo people, who were then called Egbos by other tribes, migrated into what is now the state of Abia. The Igbo are a Bantu-speaking people who were influenced by the Aro and Kota kingdoms. They arrived in present-day Abia state in the 1830s and settled in the riverine areas. However, while the people of this area were never conquered by the Igbo, they remained isolated, and lived in an agrarian society that was sustained by riverine planting of cassava, yam and palm oil. In the mid-19th century, missionaries from the London Missionary Society (LMS) arrived in Nigeria. In the 1850s, some missionaries started a new church in one of the royal palaces in Umuhia, which had been abandoned by its occupants. The new church, the Bethlehem African Church, grew quickly.
British Colonial Rule
In 1874, the British took control of Abia State. Abia was formerly part of the old Ibo province, which included the present day southeast states of Imo, Ebonyi, Anambra, Enugu, Abia, Akwa Ibom and Cross River states. In 1952, the separate governments of Abia and Imo were separated from the larger Nigerian province. Major Cities Aba is the largest city in Abia State and serves as the commercial capital. Aba is home to many textile companies and other small-scale industrial concerns. Aba is also the headquarters of the National University of Technology, Aba. Abiriba is the original home of the abiriba people. Many of the city’s buildings are from the past 100 years.
Abia (then Aboukir) was one of the nine regions that made up the country, becoming its 3rd state on 1st October 1906. in 1922, it became a province, before becoming a state in the federation of Nigerian in 1956. It is the 1st state in the southeast, and its capital is Umuahia. Its area is 2.85 million hectares, of which 2.79 million hectares is arable land. Its population is 706,790 people. HISTORY OF ABIA STATE Background of Abia from the first to the third century AD, Abia State has a history of over 6000 years. In 2006, UNESCO, recognised the region as a major heritage site in Nigeria. Also the town of Umuahia has a long historical significance.
Geography and Climate of Abia State
Positioned in southeastern Nigeria, Abia is surrounded by Imo, Abia, Enugu and Ebonyi States. It has an area of 20,022 square miles. The climate of the state is typical of this part of the country. The temperature is usually between 28°C and 34°C, with rains from November to March. Agriculture in Abia State Abia State is among Nigeria’s most populous states. As such, most of its people live a subsistence lifestyle. However, many of them are highly talented in various arts and crafts. During the wet season, farmers generally sow cassava, yam, yam tubers, maize, cowpea, and other crops. The farmers also hunt animals such as wild boar, antelope, wild goats, guinea fowl and birds.
Economy of Abia State
The economy of the state is a major source of revenue for the government. Agriculture and transportation remain the biggest sources of the state’s economy. agriculture is by far the most important economic activity, accounting for about 98% of the state’s economy. arable land, arable water, a climate that is favourable for growing a wide range of crops, and access to foreign exchange via the Cross River and River Niger for buying grains from outside of the country, make Abia a key agricultural state. In the past, the state’s economy was supported by agriculture. Agriculture in the state was well known for its cassava processing, timber production, co-operatives, handcrafts, and other cottage industries.
Policies and Politics of Abia State
The victory of Chief Obafemi Awolowo was due to the role played by his indegenous people. Abia state became Nigeria’s second state in 1914 and, since then, Abia people have not held back development as many other indigenes in the country. The great oil discovery at Oloibiri in the Niger Delta, led to the transformation of Abia as the country’s second largest producer of oil after Lagos. It is in Abia State where this country experiences its annual “Battle of the Oranges.” The palm wine, or “opa,” harvest season falls in the week between June 12 and 15. During this period, hundreds of thousands of people living in the plantations, hilltop towns, forest reserves, caves, and the lands of the Abadas, Gourams, and Ndaws, go to harvest and trade in the palm wine.
Culture of History of Abia State
Nigerian culture is evident everywhere in the state, as attested by its warm, welcoming and hospitable nature. Abia State boasts a rich cultural heritage that dates back to the ancient times. The architectural designs in the local communities, such as Ikenga and Umuahia, are highly developed. Their traditional architecture, costumes, festivals and dances are among the many characteristic of the state. Abia State played a crucial role in the fight against colonialism and British imperialism. At the end of World War I, when the British colonial rule had begun to gain some traction, Abia soldiers defeated the British forces in Aba.
Places in the History of Abia State
Ahiazu Mbaise Gburugburu Igwe. Nnamdi Azikiwe Mgbudu Oju LGA-Okigwe Abiriba Mbaise-Okigwe Ochigba Mgbudu Obowo Ogoja Akamkpa LGA-Umuahia Ubakalanda Isua Umunya/Umuoge Mgbudu Umuahia Umuahia/Obowo Arochukwu Obosi Oru East Oru West Onitsha Amarachukwu Onitsha Mbaise Obosi-Ohahia Ifeoma Okpara (Ifeoma of Azikwe) Obosi Mbaise Umuahia Nkporo-Ohazurume-Ozubulu-Isua/Abiriba-Umuahia-Owelle Abiriba-Owerri Umuahia Umuahia-Okigwe Onitsha Onitsha-Nkporo-Isua/Abiriba-Owerri-Aba-Aja-Isua Culture and Places in Abia State Aba.
Abia State Aba is one of the commercial towns in southeastern Nigeria, also with factories for shoe manufacturing, leather works, an extensive market, banks, post offices, and many hotels and schools. Aba is the commercial hub for eastern Nigeria.