The History of Imo State: A Geographical Overview of Imo State’s History

history of imo state

Imo State, one of the best Eastern State in Nigeria, and also a fundamental state to Abia State. Imo state was created in the year 1976 in line with other new states during the regime of the military ruler Late General Murtala Mohammed as a leader to Nigeria as at then. This State is known as the East-Central Part in Nigeria.

So guys, I will be giving you all necessary information you will love to know about the History of Imo State of Nigeria.

A complete Geographical Overview about the History of Imo State of Nigeria. By the time you finish reading this article, you’ll have a wide knowledge concerning the state governance, economy, populations, education and health, transport system/communication and it culture and tourism as well.



There are some geographic terms commonly used to express division of a region into smaller units or subregions, sometimes without altering the area of the region. The State of Imo is an ethnic composition of very peculiar and peculiarities of the P-O-D population in the Nigeria today. The word Imo literally means i-mi-way in Pidgin English. Information on The History of Imo State: An Economic and Cultural Overview of Imo State: Due to the overwhelming historical, geographical and cultural topographic diversity and peculiarity, Imo state is considered the geographical center of Nigeria. It has a lot of similarity with Benin City of Edo state, as it is far better developed and economically enlightened.



The then Govornor Martin Elechi joined the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) as he now leads after crossing over to the party from the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) after losing out in the governorship race to the present Governor Rochas Okorocha, on the platform of All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) in 2011. The governor of Imo state is elected by the people of the state to office as the governor and he determines the ways and means the government of the state will be governed. As the incumbent, Governor Okorocha runs the government as a political party’s chairman and his plan is to ensure that the party wins back power from the PDP in 2019. The state is known to be one of the most violent states in Nigeria.



The Imo state economy is generated primarily by the agriculture and oil exploration. The Government of the State is reported to be heavily dependent on both the federal government for sustenance and the demand and supply of the products from the traditional sector, which are in some sort of dependence on federal allocation and external support from some Asian and European countries. Housing and domestic problems.

The average citizen of the State experiences housing problem, sometimes in the case of those residing in the cities. As of September, 2018, a paltry sum of N10 billion had been earmarked by the State Government for the construction of 11,000 housing units for both the public and private sectors at the cost of N50,000 each.



According to the United Nations data in 2017, about 1.5 million inhabitants lived in Imo State. At the time of creation in 1976, it was the 3rd most populated State in Nigeria and 7th most populous in Africa after Nigeria, Ghana, Benin Republic, Ivory Coast, Mali, Nigeria and South Africa. By 2002, when the population of Nigeria was estimated at 67.2 million, Imo State had lost to 3 other States including Rivers, Lagos and Ogun.

Imo is also the 5th most populous State in Nigeria in 2017. They are Gombe, Borno, Zamfara and Jigawa. Since most of the rural populations live in hard realities, Imo population can be described as youthful with large unexploited manpower.


Education and Healthcare

The State has always been known as a high density area for education. It is so because of the number of schools in the State. There are several Schools scattered all over the State. Imo state is currently home to over 25, 000 secondary schools, over 300 public Universities and many primary schools. Health Care Asides the presence of the tertiary institutions in Imo state, the State is one of the few in Nigeria that has completed in one year both primary and secondary healthcare reforms.

Imo State’s population increased by 3.5% between 2014 and 2015, which means there was an increase of over 125, 000 people residing in Imo State. The total population of Imo State as at 2015, is about 2.7million, representing about 11% of the total population of Nigeria.


Transport and Communication Systems

The road, railway and airport system in Imo state are very good. It has helped to create Imo to an economically vibrant state. There is also a decent financial system and Imo state is also one of the highest revenue earners to the federal government. Ethnicity and Ethnography.

The Imo State is made up of the various towns in the state; Owerri, Aba, Port Harcourt, Onitsha, Ohafia and Nnewi as the primary cities in the state. According to the 2011 census conducted by the National Population Commission (NPC), the estimated population of Imo State is 2,573,617 as it is a multi-ethnic state. The population structure of Imo State shows that over 80% of the population is made up of the Igbo, while the remaining 20% comprises the Hausa-Fulani and other communities.


Culture and Tourism

There are great tourism destinations in Imo State such as Ihim Ruins, Imo Beach and many more. In fact, the place, while it has great tourist attractions, is still under development because of its remote location and hence it can’t be compared to other tourist destinations. Government and Politics We can say that the politics of Imo State is the most interesting politics in the south east, if not, the whole of Nigeria. Apart from Governor Rochas Okorocha, other politicians in Imo State and Nigeria at large, they include; Deputy governor, Prince Eze Madumere; Sir Jude Ejiogu; Sir Emeka Ihedioha, Chief John Nwobodo and so many more.



At this moment I am done the rough and ready essay about Imo state’s history. I want to be honest about my writing skills as well as my interest in writing the best academic text book ever written on Nigerian history. I look forward to reading your comments about this paper.

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